Childrens Oral Health Guidlines

Children’s Oral Health

Did you know that tooth decay is the 3rd most common reason that children are admitted to the hospital in the United Kingdom?
Make sure your child has had their first oral exam no later than 1 year old. No more waiting till they are 3- it could be too late.
Mom’s need to learn the dos and don’ts to maintain health while they are still pregnant. This gives the moms time to make changes in their oral health which will ultimately affect their newborn.
The ongoing relationship between your dentist and your family is very important to keep in a continuous effort to prevent decay.

Listed Below Are Some Very Basic but Very Important Guidelines to Follow For Your Child’s Oral Health.

Feeding Guidelines

Breastfeeding
Stop night feeding once teeth erupt.

Bottle-Feeding
Should only be used with formula, breast milk or water
During bedtime or naptime bottle should only contain water: if bottle contains anything other than water use a cloth to wipe baby mouth prior to lying down.
Children who drink a bottle during Naptime or bed time may be more prone to ear infections.

Sippy Cup
Introduce as soon as the infant can sit unsupported (around 6 months)
Try to eliminate the bottle by 1 year
Should not be given at bedtime or naptime
Between meals should only contain milk or water
If juice is given restrict to mealtime

Food Guidance
Avoid Sticky Foods: Raisins or hard candies
Discourage Grazing
Pretasting and sharing utensil should be avoided because bacteria is transmitted through saliva

Nonnutritive Sucking

Thumb & Finger Sucking
Habit is usually longer than pacifier users
Prolonged sucking can cause changes in the roof of the mouth
Encourage children by the age of 4 to discontinue nonnutritive sucking.

Pacifier Use

During Sleep is associated with a decreased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome
Should have ventilation holes and a shield wide that a child’s mouth (1 ¼ inches in diameter or larger)
Should be `1 piece and never tied by a string to child crib or around hand
Physiologic pacifiers are preferable to conventional pacifiers: less dental effects

Teething

Begins around 3 months an continues until around 3 years of age
Diarrhea. Rashes and a fever are not normal for a teething baby
For Parents
Remove Drool to prevent rashes from developing
Rub baby’s gums with a clean finger
Give baby something cold: refrigerated teething ring. Pacifiers, spoons, clean wet washcloths, and frozen bagels ion bananas if old enough.
Regularly disinfect teething rings and objects

Fluoride
Naturally occurring substance

Water
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) My water’s Fluoride website (https://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/MWF/Index.asp) to learn about your water system.
The University of Minnesota will test the fluoride content of your home water supply for a nominal fee of $20.00, so your dentist can make the best recommendations for your child. A test kit can be obtained from your dentist.

Can be found in some bottled water: Look at Label

Toothpaste
A Smear can be used as soon as the first tooth erupts: If at high Risk for Cavities
Caution when using a fluoride toothpaste, may swallow in excess amounts
Younger than 6 years of age should only use a pea size amount

Should not be used if child is under the age of 2 unless the child has less than optimal exposure to fluoride.

Varnish
Lacquers containing 5% sodium Fluoride
Is painted on child teeth by a dentist
Protects teeth from decay

Tooth brushing
< 1 year: Clean teeth with soft toothbrush
1-2 years: Parent should perform brushing
2-6 years: Pea-size amount of Fluoride- containing toothpaste 2 times per day: Parent performs or supervises
>6 years: Brush twice daily with fluoride toothpaste
All surfaces of each tooth need to be brushed

Begin wiping the gums with a soft washcloth or toothbrush even prior to first tooth.

Flossing
Removes particles and plaque between teeth that brushing misses
Begin as soon as 2 teeth touch (between 2 an 2 ½ years of age)
Usually need assistance until children are 8 years of age
Flossing tools, such as pre-threaded flossers or floss holders may be helpful

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